Medicare is a federal insurance for people over the age of 65, and for people with disabilities under the age of 65. Although Medicare can cover a lot, there are still a lot of outlays that are hard to pay for with fixed income. Medicare Supplement Insurance, also referred to as Medicare Supplemental Insurance or Medigap, helps fill these gaps by covering for what Medicare does not do.

The two main Medicare parts are Part A and Part B. Part A covers hospice care, hospital nights and home nursing, and part B includes outpatient hospital visits and doctor’s visits.

Part A has a $ 1,100 deductible to fulfill. It pays nothing after 150 days of hospitalization and does not cover medical expenses while traveling abroad. Part B has a monthly premium of $96- $ 110.50 for most people, and it may be more for those who have a large income (around $ 85,000 for singles or $ 110,000 for couples). There is also $155 deductible to cover and a 20% co-payment. Part B does not include preventative treatment, eye exams, dental visits, glasses or hearing aids or hearing tests. The premiums and deductibles for these plans increased after 2011.

These supplementary plans are offered by private insurance companies and they are approved by the federal and state governments. The plans are standardized plans. These plans can cover part of the cost of deductibles and co-payments that are not covered by Medicare. Plans provide A-L guidelines (though some states do not have all policies available) and must comply with state and federal laws. They also have to be referred to as Medicare Supplemental Insurance.

Part D is a plan that covers for the prescriptions. The coverage can be provided by Medicare or a Medicare supplement plan. Medicare bills, a monthly premium of around $ 50 and the deductible is usually an average of $ 310.00. Typically, 75% of the prescription costs are covered so that the person has to pay 25%. As expensive as many of the medicines are on the market nowadays, this can be a big sum of money. The 2019 medicare Supplement insurance plans can cover for lower monthly costs, lower deductibles, and may likely cover more than 75% of prescription cost.

There are three (3) different ways to evaluate the premium cost for a supplemental policy. The first is known as attained age. This is usually the lowest premium for people who are aged 65. Such premiums increase with age, typically every three to five years. They can be very high for people who are in their 80s or 90s. At the issue age, the premium is dependent on the age of the person at the time of purchase of the plan. The premiums do not increase with age and only increase with Medicare’s inflation adjustment. The third way to evaluate the premium is known as community-rated. This implies that every individual in the same geographic region will pay the same premiums regardless of their age.